Research data

Money markets

All the latest money market information can be found here, including up-to-date Bank Rate, SWAP rates and SONIA rates. We'll also have commentary and views from our in-house experts.

Rates 9th May 2022

Bank of England Bank Rate: 1.00%


UK 1 month SONIA: 0.9410% + 0.0004%
UK 3 month SONIA: 1.1155% - 0.0000%

(SONIA figures provided by TheIce.Com, rounded to four decimal places. Real-time SONIA rate information as calculated and published by ICE Benchmark Administration is liable to data charges. Licence-free display of SONIA rates and swap rates on free access websites such as www.mortgagesforbusiness.co.uk is subject to a delay of 7 days. The latest SONIA figures and SWAP rates are published by the ICE.)


UK SWAP Rate:

Year(s)

 Current Rate

 Change from 
previous day's rate

1

1.82%

0.00%

2

2.19%

+0.02%

3

2.22%

+0.05%

5

2.16%

+0.08%

7

2.10%

+0.10%

10

2.06%

+0.11%

SWAP rates provided by TheIce.Com, rounded to two decimal places.)

Bank Rate vs 3 Month SONIA

The following graph, updated monthly, indicates how the 3 Month SONIA has compared to Bank Rate.

What is the Bank of England Base Rate?

The Base Rate is the interest rate at which the Bank of England lends to other financial institutions. Changes to this rate have an impact on the interest rates set out by banks, building societies, and mortgage lenders, and as a result, borrowers, and landlords.

The MPC (Monetary Policy Committee) typically meets on a monthly basis to discuss activity in the economy, as the Base Rate has a heavy influence on not just inflation, but also the balance between supply and demand in the market. Members of the Committee can each vote, with the Governor able to have a casting vote in the result of no majority.
Reductions in the Base Rate typically occur when demand falls to such a level that we start to see unemployment rise and businesses closing. On the other hand, when the Base Rate increases, it is likely because the demand outstrips supply levels, and inflation is on the rise.

From March 2009, the Base Rate was at 0.5% until August 2016 when it was reduced to 0.25%. It wasn’t until November 2017 that it returned to 0.5%, and it continued to climb the following year in August of 2018 to 0.75%. When the pandemic first hit in March 2020, the Bank of England quickly reduced the Base Rate to 0.25% on the 11th of March, and then again to just 0.1% only a week later. December 2021 saw the first increase in the Base Rate since 2018, from 0.1% to 0.25%, and we are continuing to see this pattern of the Bank of England attempting to tackle inflation. February and March 2022 saw two more 0.25% increment rises, so the Base Rate currently sits at 0.75%. The MPC will meet again in May, and many industry experts are expecting to see a further rise.

What is SONIA?

The Sterling Overnight Index Average, or SONIA, reflects the average interest rate that banks will pay to borrow sterling overnight from other banks, building societies and financial institutions. These institutions will use SONIA in many different ways, but primarily to calculate the affordability of their transactions.

The following graph, updated monthly, will indicate how the SONIA SWAP rates have changed and adjusted within a time period.

What are SWAP rates?

SWAP rates are what lenders pay to financial institutions and corporations in order to acquire fixed funding for a specific period of time. This could be anywhere between one to ten years, but is typically a two-, three-, five- or ten-year fixed rate. The cost of this SWAP rate will then be used to price up mortgage products for lenders to ensure a profit margin.

Some lenders will have sophisticated SWAP rate money management programmes and will be in a position to offer a fixed term from the completion date, whereas others will work to an end date.

ANY PROPERTY USED AS SECURITY, WHICH MAY INCLUDE YOUR HOME, MAY BE REPOSSESSED IF YOU DO NOT KEEP UP REPAYMENTS ON YOUR MORTGAGE.

NB: ANY PROPERTY USED AS SECURITY, WHICH MAY INCLUDE YOUR HOME, MAY BE REPOSSESSED IF YOU DO NOT KEEP UP REPAYMENTS ON YOUR MORTGAGE

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